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Table 2 Percentages of entire males, immunocastrated and surgically castrated commercial piglets and methods of castration used in the 24 countries surveyed

From: Pig castration: will the EU manage to ban pig castration by 2018?

Country (number of usable answers) Entire males Immuno castrated Surgical Castration Break-out surgical castration Pig population*
    Castrated with analgesia & anaesthesia Castrated with analgesia only (%) Castrated without analgesia OR anaesthesia
% total % total % total % total surgical % total surgical % total surgical
Austria (2) 5 0 95 1 72 27 2869
Belgium (4) 15 18 67 3 6 91 6351
Czech (2) 5 5 90 6 31 63 1548
Denmark (4) 5 0 95 0 95 5 12402
Estonia (1) 0 0 100 0 10 90 359
Finland (1) 4 0 96 0.5 99 0.5 1258
France (4) 20 0 80 0 50 50 13428
Germany (1) 20 <1% 80 <1% 99 0 28046
Hungary (1) 1 0 99 0 0 100 2935
Iceland (1) 5 0 95 0 95 5 36
Italy (1) 2 5 93 0.5 2.5 97 8561
Ireland (1) 100 0 0 0 0 0 1468
Latvia (1) 0 0 100 0 0 100 368
Luxembourg (1) 1 0 99 0 99 1 90
Netherlands (1) 80 0 20 30 0 70 12013
Norway (1) 1 <1% 99 99 0 1 1644
Portugal (1) 85 2.5 12.5 0 0 100 2014
Romania (1) 0 5 95 2 4 94 5180
Slovakia (1) 0 10 90 0 12 88 637
Slovenia (1) 1 0 99 1 9 90 288
Spain (3) 80 5 15 1 7 92 25495
Sweden (2) 0 6 94 24 76 0 1478
Switzerland (2) 5 2.5 92.5 97 0 3 1573
UK (2) 98 <1% 2 4.5 4.5 91 4383
Europe-24 mean (median)   2.7 (0.2) 78 (95) 11 (0.5) 32 (7.5) 50 (65) 132920
Europe-24 (according to pig population) 36% 3% 61% 5% of the total of surgically castrated pigs 41% of the total of surgically castrated pigs 54% of the total of surgically castrated pigs  
  1. a In 1000 heads- data from Eurostat 2013 except Norwegian pig population data from NorwegianNational Bureau of Statistics 2015