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Table 2 Mean occurrence and SD of active behaviours and resting postures recorded during the scan sampling of sows from the IDAL and NEEDLE groups

From: Effect of the needle-free “intra dermal application of liquids” vaccination on the welfare of pregnant sows

24 h Before Vaccination
Social behaviour and other active behaviours (%) IDAL NEEDLE P
 Social negative 1.1 ± 1.52 3.1 ± 3.19 0.0582
 Social positive 3.1 ± 4.02 5.6 ± 5.13 0.3307
 Drinking 2.1 ± 2.89 4.0 ± 3.87 0.2343
 Exploration 21.8 ± 12.98 30.2 ± 8.04 0.2124
 Active total 53.1 ± 28.83 55.6 ± 24.89 0.8212
Resting posture (%)
 Lying total 55.9 ± 29.36 54.1 ± 26.18 0.9021
 Lying ventrally 90.0 ± 15.41 93.4 ± 8.45 0.3979
 Sitting 0.9 ± 2.14 0.6 ± 1.39 0.6880
24 h Post-Vaccination
Social behaviour and other active behaviours (%)
 Social negative 4.1 ± 2.90 5.1 ± 3.93 0.4919
 Social positive 2.4 ± 2.44 2.3 ± 2.76 0.9277
 Drinking 4.7 ± 2.65 3.2 ± 4.82 0.4757
 Exploration 18.0 ± 9.64 21.6 ± 14.69 0.6060
Active total 45.6 ± 17.52 29.1 ± 19.11 0.0309
 Resting posture (%)
 Lying total 67.2 ± 17.07 78.0 ± 19.91 0.8321
 Lying ventrally 72.0 ± 15.99 65.1 ± 12.10 0.2202
 Sitting 1.4 ± 2.41 1.1 ± 2.10 0.1901