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Table 3 Potential clinical findings in sow shoulders

From: Scoring shoulder ulcers in breeding sows – is a distinction between substantial and insubstantial animal welfare-related lesions possible on clinical examination?

Skin Hairless   Yes/No
Intact   Yes/No
Reddening   Yes/No
Skin lesion Scratch   Yes/No
Scratches (≥ 2)   Yes/No
Scar   Yes/No
Proliferation of wound margins (powm)   Yes/No
Scab   yes/no
  Diameter (cm)
Mass >  4 cm Yes/No
Fluctuation Yes/No
Relocatable Yes/No