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Table 4 Flooring, manure management, use of enrichment materials and pen dirtiness among the 3 farm clusters

From: Structural characterization of piglet producing farms and their sow removal patterns in Finland

  Cluster Total
1 (n = 24) 2 (n = 10) 3 (n = 9) n = 43
Variable n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Breeding unit proportion of solid floor = all solid 0 (0.0)** 3 (30.0) 4 (44.4)* 7 (16.3)
Gestation unit proportion of solid floor ≥80% 4 (16.7)** 9 (90.0)** 4 (44.4) 16 (37.2)
Farrowing unit proportion of solid floor
 fully slatted 9 (37.5)* 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0)* 11 (25.6)
 partly slatted 15 (62.5) 7 (70.0) 6 (66.7) 28 (65.1)
 all solid 0 (0.0)* 1 (10.0) 3 (33.3)* 4 (9.3)
Breeding unit manure management = dry or combination 3 (12.5)** 5 (50.0) 5 (55.6) 13 (30.2)
Gestation unit manure management = slurry 21 (87.5)** 1 (10.0)** 4 (44.4) 26 (60.5)
Breeding unit amount of bedding material
 a lot 0 (0.0)** 4 (40.0)* 2 (22.2) 6 (14.0)
 some 8 (33.3) 4 (40.0) 7 (77.8)* 19 (44.2)
 inadequate 16 (66.7)** 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0)** 18 (41.9)
Gestation unit amount of bedding material
 a lot 1 (4.2)** 10 (100.0)** 2 (22.2) 13 (30.2)
 some 10 (41.7) 0 (0.0)** 7 (77.8)* 17 (40.0)
 inadequate 13 (54.2)** 0 (0.0)* 0 (0.0)* 13 (30.2)
Farrowing unit amount of bedding material
 a lot 0 (0.0)* 0 (0.0) 5 (55.6)** 5 (11.6)
 some 6 (25.0) 2 (20.0) 3 (33.3) 11 (25.6)
 inadequate 18 (75.0)* 8 (80.0) 1 (11.1)** 27 (62.8)
Gestation unit amount of rooting material
 a lot 3 (12.5)** 10 (100.0)** 3 (33.3) 16 (37.2)
 some 14 (58.3) 0 (0.0)** 6 (66.7) 20 (46.5)
 inadequate 7 (29.2)* 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 7 (16.3)
Farrowing unit amount of rooting material
 a lot 1 (4.2)* 0 (0.0) 5 (55.6)** 6 (14.0)
 some 18 (75.0) 10 (100.0)* 4 (44.4)* 32 (74.4)
 inadequate 5 (20.8)* 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (11.6)
Farrowing unit amount of nesting material
 a lot 0 (0.0)* 1 (10.0) 3 (33.3)* 4 (9.3)
 some 11 (45.8) 7 (70.0) 6 (66.7) 24 (55.8)
 inadequate 13 (54.2)** 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0)* 15 (34.9)
Breeding unit pen dirtiness = dirty 14 (58.3)* 3 (30.0) 1 (11.1)* 18 (41.9)
Gestation unit pen dirtiness = dirty 16 (66.7)** 1 (10.0)* 2 (22.2) 19 (44.2)
Farrowing unit pen dirtiness = dirty 13 (54.2) 2 (20.0) 4 (44.4) 19 (44.2)
  1. Categories that are statistically significantly over-represented (bold) or under-represented in the cluster than in the overall frequency are specified as * (p < 0.05) and ** (p < 0.01). Table 1 presents detailed variable information