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Table 2 Most common clinical signs observed by the farmer in sows (n = 65) within 30 days preceding death or euthanasia, according to primary pathological-anatomical diagnosis (PAD-1) category. Prevalences are given as number of sows with the finding (proportion within PAD-1 category). More than one sign per sow could be reported

From: Pathological findings in spontaneously dead and euthanized sows – a descriptive study

PAD-1 category Lameness Lyinga Inappe-tence Fever Uterine discharge Respira-tory No signs
Inflammatory, other than locomotor (n = 20) 0 2 (10%) 6 (30%) 2 (10%) 2 (10%) 1 (5%) 7 (35%)
Locomotor, inflammatory (n = 11) 9 (82%) 5 (46%) 4 (36%) 0 0 0 0
Locomotor, non-inflammatory (n = 8) 7 (88%) 3 (38%) 2 (25%) 0 0 0 1 (13%)
Cardiogenic (n = 3) 1 (33%) 1 (33%) 2 (66%) 0 0 0 0
Miscellaneous (n = 8) 1 (13%) 0 2 (25%) 0 0 0 2 (25%)
Unknown, susp. cardiogenic 1 (17%) 1 (17%) 1 (17%) 0 0 2 (33%) 1 (17%)
Unknown (n = 9) 3 (33%) 5 (56%) 1 (11%) 0 0 1 (11%) 2 (22%)
  1. aUnable to stand up without assistance