Skip to main content

Table 3 Primary and secondary pathological-anatomical diagnoses (PAD-1 and PAD-2) and PAD categories in post-mortem examination of 65 sows found dead (n = 27) or euthanized (n = 38) from 15 Finnish sow herds

From: Pathological findings in spontaneously dead and euthanized sows – a descriptive study

PAD category and diagnosis PAD-1 PAD-2
% of all sows Found dead, n Eutha-nized, n % of all sows Found dead, n Eutha-nized, n
Inflammatory, other than locomotor 30.8 11 9 9.2 3 3
 Peritonitis 9.2 5 1 0 0 0
 Abscess 4.6 0 3 0 0 0
 Pneumonia, pleuritis or bronchopneumonia 4.6 3 0 3.1 1 1
 Generalized infection 3.1 1 1 0 0 0
 Metritis, endometritis or pyometra 3.1 0 2 1.5 1 0
 Cystitis, chronic 1.5 0 1 1.5 0 1
 Enteritis and haemorrhagic enteritis 1.5 1 0 1.5 0 1
 Pericarditis (with or without pneumonia) 1.5 0 1 1.5 1 0
 Septic shock 1.5 1 0 0 0 0
Locomotor, inflammatory 16.9 0 11 1.5 0 1
 Arthritis 9.2 0 6 0 0 0
 Osteomyelitis, vertebral column 3.1 0 2 0 0 0
 Myositis or cellulitis 3.1 0 2 0 0 0
 Digital dermatitis 1.5 0 1 0 0 0
 Periarthritis 0 0 0 1.5 0 1
Locomotor, non-inflammatory 12.3 1 7 7.7 0 5
 Fracture 7.7 1 4 1.5 0 1
 Callus in the hoof 1.5 0 1 0 0 0
 Arthrosis 1.5 0 1 6.2 0 4
 Myositis due to trauma 1.5 0 1 0 0 0
Cardiogenic 4.6 2 1 0 0 0
Miscellaneous 12.3 3 5 12.3 5 3
 Decubital ulcer 3.1 0 2 0 0 0
 Torsion of abdominal organ 1.5 1 0 6.2 4 0
 Spleen rupture 1.5 1 0 0 0 0
 Rectal prolapse 1.5 0 1 0 0 0
 Anaemia 1.5 0 1 1.5 0 1
 Hypovolaemic shock, haemoabdomen 1.5 1 0 0 0 0
 Gastric ulcer 1.5 0 1 1.5 0 1
 Vaginal prolapse 0 0 0 1.5 0 1
 Uterine prolapse 0 0 0 1.5 1 0
Unknown, suspected cardiogenic 9.2 6 0 0 0 0
Unknown 13.8 4 5 0 0 0
 Unknown 12.3 3 5 0 0 0
 Unknown due to putrefaction 1.5 1 0 0 0 0
  1. PAD categories are written in boldface