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Table 4 Incidental findings in post-mortem examination of 65 sows found dead (n = 27) or euthanized (n = 38) from 15 Finnish sow herds

From: Pathological findings in spontaneously dead and euthanized sows – a descriptive study

  Found dead Euthanized % of all sows
Tooth wear 19 27 70.8
Degenerative joint disease 18 23 63.1
Skin lesions 9 20 44.6
Decubital ulcer    35.4
 Grade 1–2a 8 10  
 Grade 3–4a 1 4  
Periodontal disease 9 8 26.2
Pneumonia/pleuritis 2 15 26.2
Tooth fracture 7 9 24.6
Cystitis 3 11 21.5
Other joint disease 6 5 16.9
Miscellaneous 6 5 16.9
Tooth calculus 2 5 10.8
Gastric ulcer 2 4 9.2
Metritis 1 5 9.2
Nephritis 2 3 7.7
Hepatitis 0 4 6.2
Vulva lesion 0 5 6.2
Bruising 2 1 4.6
Enteritis 1 1 3.1
Arthritis 1 0 1.5
Bursitis 0 1 1.5
Gastritis 1 0 1.5
Mastitis 1 0 1.5
Myocarditis 0 1 1.5
Myositis 0 1 1.5
Pericarditis 0 1 1.5
Peritonitis 1 0 1.5
  1. aClassified according to the shoulder with the highest grade. In grade 1, the ulceration is limited to epidermis; grade 4 is the most severe ulceration, where bone is exposed