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Table 1 Cytokine concentrations (pg/ml) in colostral supernatant from sows with induced parturition (IP, n = 19) and with spontaneous non-induced parturition (NP, n = 18). The values are expressed as mean +/−SD. Cytokines showing significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) between IP and NP are marked with asterisks

From: The impact of parturition induction with cloprostenol on immunological parameters in the sow colostrum

  GM-CSF2 IL-1β * IL-4 IL-6 * IL-10 TGFβ1 * TGFβ2 TNFα *
IP (mean) 116.09 4596.42 874.44 17,117.67 104.42 238.32 75.79 4469.00
SD 261.18 2850.11 738.62 9140.57 414.50 393.73 321.55 4987.24
NP (mean) 106.47 1936.89 464.00 9679.33 30.51 15.78 9.89 3838.13
SD 160.28 2119.70 372.31 9900.21 93.19 65.05 40.77 12,347.85