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Table 1 Summary of the prevalence’s and case reports of swine respiratory pathogens in Africa

From: Status and gaps of research on respiratory disease pathogens of swine in Africa

Pathogen reportedCountryPrevalence (%)Sample sizeDiagnostic method(s)Year of public.References
PRRSvUganda1.5522ELISA2018Dione et al. 2018 [41]
South Africa
South Africa
NA
NA
NA
NA
-
-
2004
2005
OIE, 2004 [42]
OIE, 2005 [43]
Nigeria53.8368ELISA2018Aiki-Raji et al. 2018a [44]
Nigeria1.4221RT-qPCR2014Meseko and Oluwayelu, 2014 [45]
PCV2South Africa15.9339PCR, sequencing2017
2004
Afolabi et al. 2017b [46]
Drew et al. 2004 [47]
Nigeria1.4364ELISA2018Aiki-Raji et al. 2018b [48]
Uganda12.025IHC, PCR2013Ojok et al. 2013 [49]
Uganda77.091RT-PCR2013Jonsson, 2013 [50]
Mozambique54.0111PCR, sequencing2018Laisse et al. 2018 [51]
Uganda25.025IHC, PCR2018Eneku et al. 2018 [52]
Uganda4.2522ELISA2018Dione et al. 2018 [41]
Swine influenza ANigeria8.075ELISA2015Adeola et al. 2015 [53]
Ghana10.050ELISA2015Adeola et al. 2015 [53]
Togo
Ivory Coast
Benin
2.5–12.3
0
0
325
498
1112
RT-qPCR
RT-PCR
RT-PCR
2012
2009–10
2009–10
Ducatez et al. 2016 [54]
Couacy-hymann et al. 2012 [55]
Couacy-hymann et al. 2012 [55]
Nigeria14.050HI2009Adeola et al. 2009 [56]
Uganda
Egypt
Egypt
Egypt
4.9
1.67–4.6
2–4
6–45
522
240
93
-
ELISA
HI, RT-PCR
HI, ELISA
ELISA
2018
2010
2013
2018
Dione et al. 2018 [41]
El-Sayed et al. 2010 [57]
El-Sayed et al. 2013 [58]
Gomaa et al. 2018 [59]
Uganda1.4511RT-PCR2014Kirunda et al., 2014 [60]
Kenya
Kenya
Nigeria
16.9
15.9
33.3
759
1084
129
ELISA
ELISA
RT-qPCR
2015
2018
2018
Munyua, 2015 [61]
Munyua et al. 2018 [62]
Meseko et al. 2018 [63]
Cameroon2.0104RT-PCR2012Njabo et al. 2012 [64]
Nigeria13.7227RT-qPCR, HI2014Meseko et al., 2014 [65]
APPUganda22.8522ELISA2018Dione et al. 2018 [41]
M. hyopneumoniaeUganda9.9522ELISA2018Dione et al. 2018 [41]
  1. Key: HI Haemagglutination Inhibition; IHC Immunohistochemistry; RT-PCR Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; RT-qPCR Reverse transcriptase real-time PCR; NA Not available.