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Table 1 Results of urinalysis on samples collected from the urinary bladders of 134 culled sows from three farrow-to-finish Greek herds

From: Urinary tract infections in culled sows from Greek herds: prevalence and associations between findings of histopathology, bacteriology and urinalysis

Laboratory findings In total (n = 134) Herd A (n = 27) Herd B (n = 54) Herd C (n = 53)
Urine appearance
 Clear 99 (73.88%) 18 (66.67%) 41 (75.93%) 40 (75.47%)
 Turbid 35 (26.12%) 9 (33.33%) 13 (24.07%) 13 (24.53%)
Proteinuria
 No 104 (77.61%) 20 (74.07%) 43 (79.63%) 41 (77.36%)
 Yes 30 (22.39%) 7 (25.93%) 11 (20.37%) 12 (22.64%)
Sediment
 Absence 81 (60.45%) 13 (48.15%) 32 (59.26%) 36 (67.92%)
 Presence 53 (39.55%) 14 (51.85%) 22 (40.74%) 17 (32.08%)
Leucocytes
 Absence 114 (85.07%) 24 (88.89%) 46 (85.19%) 44 (83.02%)
 Presence 20 (14.93%) 3 (11.11%) 8 (14.81%) 9 (16.98%)
Red blood cells
 Absence 114 (85.07%) 24 (88.89%) 43 (79.63%) 47 (88.68%)
 Presence 20 (14.93%) 3 (11.11%) 11 (20.37%) 6 (11.32%)
Crystals
 Absence 88 (65.67%) 16 (59.26%) 35 (64.81%) 37 (69.81%)
 Presence 46 (34.33%) 11 (40.74%) 19 (35.19%) 16 (30.19%)
Average pH (±SD) 7.27 (± 0.043) 7.33 (± 0.111) 7.23(±0.620) 7.30 (± 0.071)