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Table 2 Materials and work required to implement the proposed risk mitigation actions and approximate cost (€)/unit

From: Characterization and management of interaction risks between livestock and wild ungulates on outdoor pig farms in Spain

Item Unit cost
Backhoe 200 €/day
Electric fence Power unit: 160 €
Cable: 15 €/250 m
Stake: 3 € (2 € fibreglass, 4 € plastic)
Feeder 275 € with assembly
Game fence 13 €/linear meter and assembly
High waterer (cattle) 200 € with assembly and base
Livestock fence 9 €/linear meter and assembly
Low waterer (pig) 150 € with assembly
Pipe and fittings Pipe: 55 €/100 m
Fitting: 5 €
Sack of cement (35 kg) 3.50 €
Selective bump gates Fence: 14 €/linear meter and assembly
Gate: 300 €
Worker 15 €/hour
10,000 L tank 3000 €