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Table 6 Farm characteristics, socio-demographic details of farmers, and key figures of pest control measures classified by the level of employment of the PCO

From: Start-up financing of professional pest control in pig farming in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany

Group Project participation Non-participation  
Long-term Only during project time Total
Number 24 9 12 45
Proportion, % 53.3 20.0 26.7 100
Farm characteristics
 Sow breeding, % 20.8 11.1 16.7 17.8 n.s.
 Piglet breeding, % 25.0 11.1 25.0 22.2 n.s.
 Fattening farms, % 54.2 77.8 58.3 60.0 n.s.
 Total, % 100 100 100 100
 No. of sows, x̅ 367 350 500 385 n.s.
 No. of piglets, x̅ 1109a 330a 1757b 1163*
 No. of fattening pigs, x̅ 1743 1885 2813 2009 n.s.
 Livestock units, x̅ 284 318 323 301n.s.
Socio-demographic details on farmers
 Age (years), x̅ (med) 49 (48) 48 (49) 47 (45) 48 (47.5)n.s.
 Number of women, % 8.3 11.1 0.0 6.7n.s.
 Vocational training course, % 4.2 11.1 0.0 4.4n.s.
 State certified farmer or technician, % 54.2 33.3 75.0 55.6n.s.
 University degree, % 29.2 44.4 16.7 28.9n.s.
 Professional training total, % 91.7 88.9 91.7 88.9n.s.
Key figures of pest control measures
 Infestation, x̅ 2.9 3.0 2.9n.s.
 No. of bait stations, x̅ 24.2 24.3 17,1 21.9n.s.
  1. Comment: significance level: n.s. non-significant; * < 0.05
  2. Groups with different letters (a, b) differ significantly at the 5% significance level