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Table 5 Clinical findings in shoulder lesions of Score-Ha Stagesb 0 to 5 (number of findings; % in brackets)

From: Scoring shoulder ulcers in breeding sows – is a distinction between substantial and insubstantial animal welfare-related lesions possible on clinical examination?

Clinical parameter Stage 0 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5
Hairless 12 (40) 26 (86.7) 30 (100) 30 (100) 30 (100) 25 (83.3)
Intact 30 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 18 (60)
Reddening 9 (30) 21 (70) 22 (73.3) 24 (80) 24 (80) 16 (53.3)
Scratch 7 (23.3) 10 (33.3) 6 (20) 7 (23.3) 4 (13.3) 5 (16.7)
Scratches (≥ 2) 9 (30) 18 (60) 10 (33.3) 10 (33.3) 6 (20) 10 (33.3)
Scar 0 (0) 8 (26.7) 14 (46.7) 8 (26.7) 7 (23.3) 30 (100)
Powmc 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (3.3) 10 (33.3) 21 (70) 0 (0)
Scab 0 (0) 30 (100) 30 (100) 30 (100) 30 (100) 12 (40)
Mass 0 (0) 5 (16.7) 8 (26.7) 19 (63.3) 28 (93.3) 1 (3.3)
Mass > 4 cm 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (16.7) 16 (53.3) 0 (0)
Fluctuation of mass 0 (0) 3 (10) 2 (6.7) 5 (16.7) 3 (10) 1 (3.3)
Movable mass 0 (0) 4 (13.3) 3 (10) 8 (26.7) 3 (10) 0 (0)
  1. aHistopathological Score
  2. bn = 30 sows per Score-H Stage
  3. cProliferation of wound margin