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Table 6 Effects of dietary treatment1 on cytokine IFN-γ and IL-10 concentration and their ratio in blood of piglets at different time points

From: Fermented rye with Agaricus subrufescens and mannan-rich hydrolysate based feed additive to modulate post-weaning piglet immune response

Day Parameter Treatment LSmeans SEM P-value
15 IFN-γ, pg/mL Control 7.55 2.91 0.189
   FS 12.9 2.38  
  IL-10, pg/mL Control 11.9a 2.42 0.028
   FS 3.53b 1.98  
  Ratio IFN-γ/IL-10 Control 0.823 1.27 0.041
   FS 5.08 1.14  
30 IFN-γ, pg/mL Control 4.48 0.816 0.377
   FS 3.54 0.577  
  IL-10, pg/mL Control 51.3x 13.5 0.080
   FS 17.6y 9.52  
  Ratio IFN-γ/IL-10 Control 0.207 0.687 0.511
   FS 0.789 0.485  
45 IFN-γ, pg/mL Control 3.26 1.34 0.648
   FS 3.99 0.720  
  IL-10, pg/mL Control 6.46 2.28 0.934
   FS 6.24 1.22  
  Ratio IFN-γ/IL-10 Control 0.479 0.189 0.416
   FS 0.801 0.003  
  1. SEM, standard error of the mean
  2. a,bDifferent superscripts within a column indicate a significant difference (P < 0.05)
  3. x,yDifferent superscripts within a row indicate a tendency difference (P < 0.1)
  4. 1Dietary treatment = additional Fysal Solute (FS) at 2 kg/ton