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Table 8 Examples of resistance rates to different antibiotics of E.coli strains isolated from healthy and diseased pigs in different countries (Modified from Aarestrup et al. 2008) [33]

From: Swine enteric colibacillosis: diagnosis, therapy and antimicrobial resistance

ANTIBIOTIC USAa Brazilb Koreac Chinad Spaine Belgiume Germanye Francee Polandf
Fluoroquinolones 0% 30% 64.9% 64% 14% 39% 8% 6% 30%
Ceftiofur 22% - - - 4% 1% 1% 1% -
SXT 23% 62% 75.7% 90% - 71% 51% 66% 78.8%
Neomycin 66% 32.8% - 9.4% 20% 2% - 11% -
Apramycin 30% - - - 13% 13% 10% 3% -
Gentamicin 48% 39% 77% 57% 20% 46% 12% 6% 45%
REFERENCE [59] [53] [57] [60] [33] [33] [33] [33] [61]
  1. a(E.coli isolated form pigs with diarrhoea and septicemia); b(E.coli isolated from cases of neonatal colabacillosis; c(E.coli isolated from pigs with diarrhoea); d(pathogenic and commensal E.coli isolated from pigs); e(E.coli isolated from diseased pigs); f(commensal E.coli)